Buying a home can be one of your most significant investments in life. Not only are you choosing your dwelling place, and the place in which you will bring up your family, you are most likely investing a large portion of your assets into this venture. The more prepared you are at the outset, the less overwhelming and chaotic the buying process will be. The goal of this page is to provide you with detailed information to assist you in making an intelligent and informed decision. Remember, if you have any questions about the process, I'm only a phone call or email away! Buying a home is a significant decision. I will help you feel comfortable with the process!
Step 1: Determine your financial capability
Step 2: Choose an agent
Step 3: Select your home search criteria
Step 4: Look at homes
Step 5: Make an offer
Step 6: The home inspection
Step 7: The loan process
Step 8: The escrow and closing process
Step 9: Move in!
Step 1 Determine your financial capability
- This step actually involves multiple actions and is fundamentally important. It helps you assess what price maximum you are financially qualified for and will lead you to focusing your search criteria based on price.
- Get your credit score. You can get this from your lender or pull yours yourself. However, you'll need to talk with a lender to find out exactly how your credit score affects your loan ability.
- Look at what you can afford on a monthly basis. Look at your budget to determine what you can pay towards your home. A good indicator is what you are paying in rent now. If you are paying $1,100 per month in rent is that the most you can pay towards your home? Would you be able/willing to pay more? How much? Often when you talk with a lender you will be approved for more of a loan than you would actually want. So assessing your own budget is a good idea too.
- Talk with a mortgage lender. They will look at your credit score, income and debts to determine what interest rate they will give you and what your maximum loan amount would be. They will also tell you how much closing costs and loan costs to expect. To do a full pre-approval with a lender they will usually need your most recent pay stubs, tax returns and bank statements from you. While a pre-approval isn't necessary upfront, it will often be needed when you make an offer on your home, so it's good to do it right away. As a quick calculation (without taking credit scores into account) lenders will usually use a "back-end" debt ratio to determine the maximum loan amount they will give you. Typically this ratio can be up to a 36-40% on a standard loan package. Working backwards into calculating what you can afford for your mortgage payment, you would take your gross income multiplied by 40% and subtract your payments on all of your revolving debt (e.g. credit cards, student loans, car payments; not insurance, phone bills, or food). What's left over is what you can use to spend on your home.
Example: A couple earns $7,000 combined gross income per month multiplied by 40% = $2,800. Subtract your credit card payments of $150 and a car payment of $250. That leaves you with $2,400 per month to apply towards your mortgage payment. Lenders would be willing to give you a loan of an amount that had a total payment of $2,400 (including principle, interest, taxes and insurance). Now you'd need to know your interest rate to determine what that payment equates to for a total loan amount. In this example, $2,400 approximately equals a $350,000 mortgage at a 6% interest rate (after adding taxes and insurance) on a 30-year fixed mortgage.
Step 2 Choose an agent
It is important to have a knowledgable professional on your side guiding you through the process from the beginning. It is rewarding to me to see my buyers find the perfect home! If you have any questions at all about the buying process, please call or email me. I'd be happy to help!!
Step 3 Select your home search criteria
With your maximum price in mind, select the neighborhood, size, bedrooms, bathrooms, quality and characteristics that you desire in a home. Your agent will be able to help you with this. Keep in mind that every purchase of a home involves a certain amount of compromise. When you are working with an agent, it is important that you give your agent a clear idea which of your criteria are flexible and which items you really must have in your new home. Prioritize your needs. Sometimes your agent will be able to suggest alternatives that still meet your needs. Make sure you're upfront with your agent so they can use your time and theirs most efficiently and show you only houses that are real possibilities for you. When you've discussed your criteria, your agent will begin searching for a home for you. If you have your criteria in mind already, please click Let Me Help You Find a Home and I'd be happy to email you listings for houses that meet your needs.
Step 4 Look at homes
When we find listings that meet your criteria we will go view the inside. As an agent, I have an access key to all houses listed on the MLS so it makes it easy to view properties.
Step 5 Make an offer
When we find the right property we will write up an offer to purchase it. I will walk you through the purchase and sale agreement and explain the benefits and drawbacks of each section and each decision you make. I will help you decide what price to offer, how much earnest money to provide, the closing date, as well as other important terms of the contract. Once it's complete the offer may change through negotiations with the seller or they may agree outright. Once the seller signs and returns the offer you have a contract to purchase your home! This is the simplified version. It is certainly more involved and important than that. Buying a home is a major event for both the buyer and seller. The sellers make plans based on your offer that affect their finances, too - sometimes right away before it's even closed. However, it is more important than just money. In the relatively short amount of time it takes to write an offer you are making decisions that affect how you live for the next several years, if not the rest of your life. The seller is going to review your offer carefully, because it also affects how he or she lives the rest of their life. That sounds dramatic. It sounds like a cliché. Every real estate book or article you read says the same thing. They all say it because it is true.
Step 6 The home inspection
Your home inspection occurs if you opted to have one. A professional inspector of your choosing inspects the home, searching for defects or issues. Many times a purchase and sale agreement is contingent on the home "passing" an inspection. I always recommend inspections for your protection - buying a home "as is" is a risky proposition. Sometimes, due to findings in the inspection, the buyer will ask the seller to repair particular things. Some negotiation may take place around this until both parties agree on what improvements will or won't be done to the home to complete the sale.
Step 7 The loan process
The loan process begins for this particular home as soon as the purchase and sale agreement is signed by both parties. Your lender works in the background to get your mortgage together. They will usually need paperwork from you throughout the process and it's important to stay in communication with them to ensure a smooth closing and no delays.
Step 8 The escrow and closing process
Escrow also begins working in the background as soon as the purchase and sale agreement is signed by both parties. Escrow is an independent third party between you and the seller. Their job is to handle deposits, prepare the final settlement statement, arrange legal transfer of the property and release proceeds to the seller. A couple days before the closing date you will need to meet with escrow to sign all the paperwork to transfer the property into your name and secure your mortgage against it. Then closing occurs - the day that the transfer becomes official, the deed is recorded with Whatcom or Skagit county and proceeds are available to the seller.
Step 9 Move in!!
Finding your new home should be a rewarding experience. Have a good time and enjoy the process. I am here to help!!